Ghini Tang Ghini Tang Ghinta Ghishi Twak — this is the unique sound that resounds in the procession of Gai Jatra at Bhaktapur. Although Gai Jatra is also celebrated in Kathmandu and Patan, the vibrant and the hypnotic Ghinita Ghishi dance and music does not resound in the Gai Jatra celebrations in other cities of the Valley.
Ghinta Ghishi was introduced in 14th Century by Malla king Jayasthiti Malla and during that period Kathmandu Valley was the country with Bhaktapur as its capital. “As Bhaktapur was the capital city, there were additional features in the celebration of Gai Jatra and after the Valley was divided into three different countries, the celebration took place but according to the surrounding localities
In ancient times, there was a limited source of entertainment and the weeklong celebrations of Gai Jatra entertained the people as well as giving them moral education through the performances where the then contemporary events became the story. There are over six dozen varieties of Ghinta Ghishi that includes Katthi Pyakha, Maaka Pyakha, Lushi Pyakha, Vaila Pyakha, Mahadev Parbati Pyakha, Kachi Machha Boway Yankegu Pyakha, Nagacha Pyakha, Khya Pyakha and many more. However, with time many of these dance forms have disappeared and at present only around three dozen dance forms are practiced. “Kachi Machha Boway Yankegu Pyakha, which means the dance of throwing away a newborn baby — in this performance there is the story which is culturally, historically and socially important. The story in the dance depicts the true event that took place during the regime of Rana Bahadur Shah where beefer broke as an epidemic. To get rid of the contagious disease, he ordered banishment for the family with newborn baby. It was a tragedy but these performances informed about historically important events which is our identity.”
One can witness the Ghinta Ghishi performances at the square and toles where the main Gai Jatra procession took place till Krishnajanmasthami.